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Metabolomics approach based on LC-HRMS for the fast screening of iron(II)-chelating peptides in protein hydrolysates

Abstract : Production of iron-chelating peptides from protein hydrolysates requires robust and adequate screening methods to optimize their purification and subsequently valorize their potential antioxidant properties. An original methodology was developed for direct and sensitive screening of iron(II)-chelating peptides based on ion-pair reverse phase liquid chromatography (IP-RPLC) coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). Peptide mixture was first added to iron(II) solution to form iron(II)-peptide complexes. Then IP-RPLC-HRMS analysis was conducted on this iron-peptide mixture and on the iron-free peptide solution for comparative mass spectra analysis. This protocol, initially applied to a range of low molecular weight standard peptides, allowed detection of [(Peptide-H)+ Fe ] complex ion for iron(II)-chelating peptides (GGH, EAH, DAH, βAH, DMH, DTH, DSH). GGH was added in complex peptide mixtures and targeted analysis of [(GGH- H)+ Fe ] complex showed a limit of detection (LOD) below 0.77 mg L of GGH. This protocol was finally tested in combination with metabolomics software and additional digital processing for non-targeted search for iron(II)-chelating peptides. Applicability of this new screening methodology has been validated by detection of GGH as iron(II)-chelating peptide when added at 0.77 mg L in casein hydrolysate.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 3:20:25 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:45:10 AM


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Cédric Paris, Katalin Selmeczi, Bruno Ebel, Loic Stefan, Gizella Csire, et al.. Metabolomics approach based on LC-HRMS for the fast screening of iron(II)-chelating peptides in protein hydrolysates. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Springer Verlag, 2021, 413, pp.315 - 329. ⟨10.1007/s00216-020-03037-1⟩. ⟨hal-03447732⟩



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